Upcoming Executive Courses

TRADE IN SERVICES

The course addresses key issues in the law and economics of services trade; explores sectoral negotiating challenges in selected sectors, focuses attention on the challenge of labour mobility and addresses key political economy constraints arising from services rule-making and market opening. Moreover, the course also aims at introducing participants to different methods used in assessing the barriers of entry to services sectors which could have a negative impact on the performance of the sectors, and hence on the economy in general. The training also addresses the different types of methodologies used to assess restrictiveness including the ones that address the level and the ones that address the effect of the restrictions on price-cost margins. This is followed by sessions that will delve in sectoral details on how to assess the restrictiveness of such sector. The sectors that are tackled include telecommunications and logistics and transport. The training will use templates used by the World Bank and other organizations as OECD and European Union on assessing the degree of restrictiveness of the different sectors. The training will engage participants on services negotiations to hone their skills on services.

Expected training outcomes

  • an ability to think critically, strategically and independently,
  • an appreciation of how the economic characteristics of services transactions have shaped the law of services trade,
  • a deep understanding of the conceptual complexities of liberalisation of trade in services,
  • an advanced knowledge of international trade in services,
  • a highly developed global mindset with a grasp of international trade in services issues,
  • an enhanced understanding of the linkages between international trade in services and development

 

RULES OF ORIGIN

 Rules of origin have become one of the challenging components of preferential trading arrangements both in terms of negotiations and implementation. The main challenge arises from the nature of the rules in terms of design and structure. The more complicated and stringent the rules of origin are the more uncertain they become for the traders. Much as there has been an increasing conclusion of preferential trading regimes involving most sub-Saharan African countries, the intra-trade within these trading regimes has not grown in tandem. This outcome is mostly attributed to complicated rules of origin. Among African Regional Economic Communities, product specific rules of origin is increasingly defining the structure of the rules. This is event in SADC, EAC and the yet to be concluded tripartite FTA. To be development friendly, rules of origin need to be simple and user-friendly to foster uptake by exporters and enhance utilization rates of preferences.

The course is deigned to equip the participants with conceptual skills on rules of origin and the implication of the different types. This will be important to enhance capacity in the design of the rules for ongoing FTA negotiations and to foster implementation of concluded rules of origin. The pursuit of industrialization by most African countries will be realized if the preferential trading regimes they belong to have simple, predictable and user-friendly rules of origin.

The training programme is designed for policy-makers and trade and customs advisers, trade negotiators. It is will be useful to key persons in major business or trade organisations as well as persons within the academia who are or will be involved in issues of rules of origin.

Expected training outcomes

  • an ability to think critically, strategically and independently,
  • an appreciation of how the rules of origin have shaped the preference utilisation
  • a deep understanding of the conceptual complexities of rules of origin,
  • an advanced knowledge of rules of origin,
  • a highly developed global mindset with a grasp of rules of origin,
  • an enhanced understanding of the implications of rules of origin on intra-regional trade.

 

TOOLS FOR TRADE POLICY ANALYSIS

The course is geared at improving the awareness and understanding of quantitative methods, which in turn can contribute to evaluations of development and poverty effects of negotiation positions and outcomes as well as domestic trade-related policy choices. The course is primarily designed for those who have some prior exposure to economic statistics and quantitative economic analysis and have, or expect to have, specialist positions as trade policy analysts. It introduces common analytical methods and tools widely used for the purpose of quantifying likely effects of alternative trade agreement outcomes and trade policy options.

The objective of the course is to introduce the participants to key tools of analysis in common use among trade economists. This will cover hands on exercises with some partial equilibrium models and various trade indicators. The participants will have the chance to extract data from UN COMTRADE and the UNCTAD/World Bank WITS/TRAINS databases and to compute the indicators. Participants will also learn how to interpret the results of their work.

 

Expected training outcomes

  • an ability to think critically, strategically and independently,
  • an appreciation of quantitative trade policy analysis,
  • a knowledge of tools for basic trade analysis,
  • a developed global mindset with a grasp of international trade analysis and policy issues with a focus on LDCs,
  • an understanding of the role and nature of the various trade analysis policy tools
  • an enhanced understanding of the analysis on key issues such bilateral, regional, and multilateral international trade negotiations, agreements, institutions and related processes.

 

AGRICULTURE, CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENT AND TRADE NEXUS

In Africa, where agriculture is the main livelihood, food security, climate change, and trade are intimately linked. This is compounded by the critical role agricultural sector occupies in the economy and livelihoods of people. To make sure that policies in these areas are developed, reviewed, and implemented holistically, the training fosters a multi-stakeholder approach to the understanding of trade, agriculture and climate change that brings together sectoral groups in each of the critical sectors.

The purpose of the training programme is to facilitate development of adequate and holistic policies addressing climate change-food security-trade (CC-FS-T) linkages through active involvement of all relevant stakeholders.

The course is designed for policymakers, technocrats and researchers involved in trade, agriculture, environment and climate change issues.

Expected learning outcomes

  • Ability to identify climate change-food security-trade (CC-FS-T) linkages in policies and policy implementation at the national and regional level;
  • Ability to identify holistic policy and implementation solutions to CC-FS-T issues i.e. know how to deal with the negative linkages and how to take advantage of the positive linkages. Participants will learn ways of how to come up with coherent solutions.
  • Ability to initiate, formulate, revise, or monitor current programmes and policies dealing with climate change, food security, and trade linkages at the regional level and come up with real recommendations and solutions together with different stakeholders for appropriate policy formulation, coordination and implementation.
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